Background Information

On the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

 

 

                 THE NILE RIVER 
                 The longest river in the world. The Nile is 4145 miles long. The 
                 main tributaries are the Blue and White Nile rivers. One of the man-made 
                 wonders of Africa, the High Aswan dam, which holds Lake Nasser, is situated on 
                 the Nile river. The Nile delta is famous as the cradle of the first civilization of 
                 Africa - ancient Egypt, the most famous wonder of the world, the Great Pyramid; 
                 the birth place of Moses, and the first (papyrus) paper. 

                 MOUNT KILIMANJARO 
                 The highest mountain in Africa and unique as the highest mountain in the world 
                 from the surrounding floor to the summit. It is located in northern Tanzania, near 
                 the border with Kenya. The two peaks of Kilimanjaro stand over 6 miles apart. 
                 Both are volcanic. The crater of Kibo is covered with ice that reflects a very beautiful blue hue.         

                 THE GREAT RIFT VALLEY 
                 The valley is actually the effect of massive fracture lines below the earth's surface 

                 and runs over 3100 miles from Lake Baikal in the north to Mozambique in the south. 

                 The valley contains the planet's largest concentration of flamingoes, the seven Great 
                 Lakes of Kenya, and overwhelmingly dramatic scenery. Lake Victoria, located in the 
                Great Rift Valley is one of the three largest lakes in the world. In Kenya the Rift 
                 Valley is so deep and sharply defined that it can be clearly seen from space.  The 
                 valley is about  31 miles wide and as deep as 9850 feet in the central highlands. 

                 THE SERENGETI PLAINS 
                 There are 9,173 square miles of the Serengeti plains. They reach up to the Kenya 
                 border and reach almost to Lake Victoria.  The plains are home to all kinds of wildlife. 
                 It is thought that over 3 million large mammals roam the plains. In late May and early 
                 June you can witness the annual migration of zebra and wilde beast in search of water 
                 and food before the seasons change.  The Serengeti plains are home to Africa's largest 
                 concentration of lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, and jackals.  You will also see 
                 giraffe, rhino, elephant and hippopotamus. 
 
                 THE SAHARA DESERT 
                 The is the largest desert in the world. Its total area is more than 
                  3.5 million square miles and of which only some two per cent 
                 consists of fertile oases. Most areas of the Sahara obtain less than  5 inches of rain per 
                 year. Temperatures are extreme, ranging from freezing to over 
                 120 degrees Fahrenheit. 

                 THE VICTORIA FALLS 
                 Known to Africans as Mosi-Oa-Tunya or "the smoke that thunders," the falls are 
                 majestic in their splendor as they tumble in curtains of water to the gorge below. 
                 The Zambezi river which feeds the falls is nearly 1 mile wide at this point and plunges 
                 320 feet over the cliffs. Five separate falls make up the Victoria falls: 
                 Devil's Cataract, Main Falls, Horseshoe Falls, Rainbow Falls and Eastern 
                 Cataract. When the Zambezi is at its height, the water races over its edge at 
                 speeds in excess of  100 miles per hour. "Scenes so 
                 lovely must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight." So exclaimed the first 
                 European missionary-visitor, Dr David Livingstone, in 1855. 

 
                 TABLE MOUNTAIN 

                 Table Mountain has stood as the symbol for the Cape of Good Hope for 
                 centuries. It holds an important place in the hearts of all South Africans. It serves 
                 the important needs of bio-diversity, visual harmony, spiritual fulfilment, recreation 
                 and tourism. It is also the graveyard of the forefathers of Islam in Southern Africa 
                 who sought refuge in its welcoming ravines. It is believed by many to be one of the 
                 four most powerful vortexes of energy on Earth and, according to the legend of 
                 the Khoisan people, houses the spirit of "Mother Africa". 

 

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More useful websites about Africa

http://www.netafrica.co.za/table/index.htm    Table Mountain 

http://196.6.214.180/satravel/table.htm Table Mountain, good picture 

http://www.uct.ac.za/depts/geolsci/cape.html     Geological Explanation of Table Mountain 

http://www.africaonline.com/AfricaOnline/travel/zimbabwe/vic_falls.html   Victoria Falls 

http://backyard.ddb.com/vic.shtml   Pictures of Victoria Falls 

http://home.earthlink.net/~curtisw/africa/africa.html     A visit to Victoria Falls 

http://www.zambezi.com/vicfall.html  A comprehensive guide to Victoria Falls 

http://www.needham.mec.edu/nps_web_docs/high_school/cur/Bio96_97/P5/desert/desert.html 
  Information on and pictures of the Sahara Desert. 

http://www.garply.com/~matt/pb/sahara.html    A good quote on the Sahara Desert 

http://lummi.stanford.edu/class/history187b/WWW/dunes.htm Good picture of desert 

http://www.onsafari.com/eastafr.htm  Great Rift Valley 

http://www.youngman.demon.co.uk/pg.htm  Pictures of Great Rift Valley and Kilamanjaro 

http://comptons2.aol.com/encyclopedia/ARTICLES/01971_A.html   Information on the Great Rift Valley 

http://www.africaonline.co.ke/AfricaOnline/kenya/chapter1.html Formation of the Great Rift Valley 

http://www.gorp.com/gorp/location/africa/kenya/ke_riftv.htm Rift Valley lakes 

http://www.chicojr.chico.k12.ca.us/sp/Nile/Nile Facts on the Nile River 

http://www.website1.com/odyssey/week1/nile.html Pictures and facts of the Nile 

http://www.swt.edu/studentorg/kammaasi/nileval.html  Nile River Valley information 

http://d2.gap.net/KILI2.HTML  Climbing Kilamanjaro