This Civil War Unit integrates many different
subjects--particularly music and the language arts.
Throughout the entire unit, The Tamarack Tree by
Patricia Clapp is read either as a read aloud or as a class,
if it is feasible for each student to have a copy. What is
taught in class is planned to coincide with what is read in
the Tamarack Tree. This is one sample lesson plan about
Harriet Tubman and the Underground
- The students will be able to
define the Underground Railroad.
- The students will know the
contributions of Harriet Tubman in the cause to end
- Follow the Drinking Gourd
by Bernadine Connelly
- The Tamarack Tree by
- United States textbook
- Paper and pencil for the
- I will explain to the students
that we will be learning about the Underground Railroad.
I will ask the students if they know what it
- We will read the paragraph about
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad on page 207
of the textbook (or any other informative reading about
- We will discuss Harriet Tubman and
the Underground Railroad. Possible questions:
- What is the Underground
- Why is Harriet Tubman
- What kind of dangers do you
think existed for the slaves who tried to escape, as
well as the people who helped them escape?
- We will read p. 96-108 of The
- We will listen to the CD that
accompanies Follow the Drinking Gourd, learning
the song "Follow the Drinking Gourd" as we
- The students will pretend they are
slaves who escaped north via the Underground Railroad
with the help of Harriet Tubman. They will write their
experiences in coming north in the form of a story or a
journal entry. In their story, they must explain what the
Underground Railroad is as well as who Harriet Tubman is.
The students should consider these questions as they
- What dangers did you
- What did you eat?
- How did Harriet Tubman help
you? What is her background?
- What were your feeling as you
traveled on the Underground Railroad-fear, excitement,
- The students will share their
stories with their cooperative learning
In the story they write, do
the students explain accurately what the Underground
Railroad is? Do they know that Harriet Tubman was a
former slave who dedicated herself to helping other
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