Teacher Background Information
Included is information needed to succeed in teaching this unit on “How can we value everyone in our community?” Concepts are summarized for understanding and resources for further knowledge are provided and highly suggested.
This unit focuses on the concept of what a community is, who is included, how it evolves, and the diversity within. It discusses the local community and the classroom community. (For integration purposes for science, the pond community is also explored.) The members of the community include all generations of people. The roles in the community are taken on by those living within and examples are: Mayor, post master, police man/woman, firefighters, bakers, teachers, parents, kids, elderly, bankers, sanitary waste person, builders, etc. These roles and the equal value of each will be further discussed in a particular lesson. Culture –the cultures within our community show our diversity or the uniqueness about us all and our heritage. Diversity is needed and must be valued by all to have a cooperating community.
Cultural background of students in class to aid in discussion-(will be given based on real class members). This will also be helpful in inviting parents to class to share a unique characteristic of cultural diversity.
Culture Pizza Activity: Students be given a blank chart to fill in (Fig.1) at home including things about their family that makes them different. Blank is provided so copies may be made and an example made to show the students.
How community has changed over time: (
(See websites http://historyforkids.utah.gov/cache.html ,
www.lib.utah.edu/spc/photo/hp2.html (Great Photos-early days in
http://library.usu.edu/Specol/digitalexhibits.html (Great Photos!!) – click on
classrooms and students, etc.
Overview of Read Alouds:
Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge by Mem Fox
Wilfrid is a young boy who lives next door to a nursing home. He knew all the residents very well, but his favorite person was Miss Nancy Alison Delacourt Cooper. She has lost her memory and Wilfrid helps her to gain it back after discovering just what a memory means from the other residents. Miss Nancy is thankful for Wilfrid’s kindness and is able to tell him about memories from her past. This story reveals the value of everyone in our community-young to old- and we can see how things have changed. It also shows how a young individual can serve another in their community.
The Gnats of Knotty Pine by Bill Peet
A community of animals in a forest meet together to discuss the hunters who will soon enter their environment. They decide that they will do as always and just have everyone fend for themselves. The gnats, which are very small, come and want to help the animals, but the animals do not think they are of any use to them because they could not possibly make the hunters go away. When the hunters finally come the gnats still attack and drive them away. This story shows how a group banded together and made a difference. Also, even though they were small, they could still accomplish a great task.
Technology has greatly changed our communities. Stoplights, electricity, new roadways, new buildings, homes, telephone, television, computers, cars, etc. – Show pictures of past and present.
Being a good citizen- By being a good citizen we show our respect and value for those in our community. By being a good citizen we will focus on – service to those around us, voting in our classroom and local community, being a good leader-what is a good leader, safety in our community, being courteous, following rules, being nice to our neighbors, etc. These will be expanded on in their individual lessons.