By Becky Carlisle
1. Students will write a journal entry about what it means to treat others equally.
2. As a class, students will place important events of Martin Luther King's (Jr.) life on a timeline.
A favorite class treat such as M&M's
Martin Luther King Jr., Free at Last by David A. Adler
Dates of events in Martin Luther King Jr.'s life and a pre-made timeline (available on world book encyclopedia CD ROM, 2002)
1. "Today I have brought my favorite treat to share with you because you have been working so hard." Hand the treat out to only half of the class. This can be done by gender, hair color, where children are seated, etc. The rest of the children will question this. Explain, "Today I'm only giving treats to the boys or children with blonde hair."
2. Invite children to sit on the rug. "We have been learning about different people in history and how they have affected our lives. Today we will be learning about Martin Luther King Jr. Does anybody know something about Martin Luther?" Let children respond to the question.
3. " I have brought a book today that tells about Martin Luther King's life. As I read it try to remember the order of all the different things that happened in the life of Martin Luther King Jr. After reading the book we will be making a timeline of Martin Luther King's life."
4. Read the story. Occasionally stop to answer children's question and to expound on an event.
5. After reading the story show children the timeline (without the pictures). Explain what a timeline is and what it is used for. Then explain how you will be pairing the children up and asking them to help place pictures on the timeline.
6. Pair children up with students they are sitting next to. You may need to make groups of 3. Hand a picture of an event in Martin Luther King's life to each group. Give the pairs 5 minutes to determine what the event is and where it might go on the timeline. Ask each group to come up one by one. Have one child explain what the event is and the other child place the picture on the timeline.
7. After completing the timeline look at it and see if the children want to change any of the positions. If changes need to be made explain why. Place the timeline on a bulletin board or someplace where children will be able to refer to it.
8. While children are still on the rug ask the children how it might feel to be black living during the time of Martin Luther King. Let children respond. Then ask the children how it might feel if you were white during the time of Martin Luther King. What would the children think of Martin Luther King Jr. if they lived during his time?
9. Have children go back to their desks. "Before we read the story about Martin Luther King Jr. I handed out a treat to some of the children. How did it make you feel to get a treat or not to get a treat?" Ask the children who received a treat to share what they thought. After letting children who received a treat respond ask children who did not receive a treat to share what they felt.
10. "What might I do to make it more equal, so that everyone feels good about me handing out treats." Lead the discussion towards children saying that the teacher should pass out treat to those who did not get one. Hand out treats to those who did not get them. Discuss how we all have the right to be treated equal.
11. "Now that we have an idea about what it means to be treated equal, I would like each of you to write in your journal answering the question what equality means to me."
1. Observe and take notes on children when they place their picture on the timeline. Children should be able to tell what the picture is and why it goes where they placed it. If changes need to be made watch and see if children are able to correct it on their own. If children do need help make sure that children understand why you placed it where you did.
2. After children add to their journal entries answering the question what equality means to me check to make sure each child has written something.