Causes and Effects of the
Students will list three ways people were
affected by the Great Depression
- Pictures of people during the Great
- Overhead Projector
- Paper and writing utensils
- 1. If you lived during the Great
Depression, what do you think life would have been like? What is
- 2. We have been learning about the
twentieth century and the roaring twenties.
- 3. Today we are going to learn about the
Great Depression. Some of your grandparents may have lived during
this time. Today we will learn what caused the Great Depression
and how it effected people during the 1930's.
- 4. A depression is a time when many
businesses fail and lots of people do not have jobs. There were
many causes for the Great Depression. In the twenties, many people
bought stocks and put a lot of money into them. A stock is where
people or businesses can buy pieces of a company. The prices were
very high in the twenties, but people got nervous and began to
sell their stocks. Finally, on October 24, 1929, the stock market
crashed. Because of this, many banks, businesses and individuals
lost all of their money and had to lay their workers off. During
the 1930's 1/4 of the people had no jobs
- There was also a drought in the great
plains, and the land had been farmed so much that many of the
nutrients, and the top soil had been stripped. When the wind began
to blow, it blew the topsoil away and created huge dust storms.
Because of this, farmers could not grow enough to pay for their
homes, and so they were taken away by larger businesses. Some of
these people gathered the little they had and traveled west to
find work picking oranges or other fruit and vegetables in
California and along the way. They traveled on what is called the
Mother Road. Some homeless people lived in cardboard boxes that
came to be called Hoovervilles because President Hoover was
president and he did not want to involve the government to fix the
problem. There were also many breadlines, where people stood in
line for food. People had to wear a lot of hand me down clothes
and do lots of patching and mending. Many people stuffed cardboard
in their shoes to cover the holes so they could wear them
- 5. Show pictures and discuss So, what is
the Great Depression? And how did it effect people? What might
this picture show? What would you do if you were in this
situation? How would you feel?
- 6. Students will write a quick list
about the depression: what started it, and three ways it affected
- 7. Students will take ten to fifteen
minutes to write the lists.
- 8. They will then pair up and share with
one another what they have written.
- 9. Lists will be collected.
Students lists will show their understanding
of three ways people were affected by the Great
Submitted by Jenny M. Cook
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