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North America :: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(territorial overseas collectivity of France)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Map of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Introduction ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
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Geography ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
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46 50 N, 56 20 W
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total: 242 sq km
country comparison to the world: 213
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
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1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
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0 km
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120 km
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territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
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cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
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mostly barren rock
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lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
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fish, deepwater ports
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arable land: 12.5%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87.5% (2005)
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NA
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persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
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recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
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vegetation scanty
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People ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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7,051 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 227
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0-14 years: 21.9% (male 788/female 756)
15-64 years: 66.5% (male 2,378/female 2,312)
65 years and over: 11.6% (male 379/female 438) (2009 est.)
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total: 35.2 years
male: 34.6 years
female: 35.7 years (2009 est.)
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0.085% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
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12.76 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
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6.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
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-4.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
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urban population: 89% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
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at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
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total: 6.87 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 170
male: 7.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
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total population: 79.07 years
country comparison to the world: 34
male: 76.69 years
female: 81.57 years (2009 est.)
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1.97 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
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NA
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NA
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NA
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noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
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Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
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Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
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French (official)
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1982 est.)
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NA
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Government ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
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self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
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NA
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name: Saint-Pierre
geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
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none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
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Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
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4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
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the laws of France, where applicable, apply
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18 years of age; universal
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chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Jean-Pierre BERCOT (since 28 July 2008)
head of government: President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 21 February 2007)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 6 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council is elected by the members of the council
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unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre and four from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: elections last held 19 and 26 in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur l'Avenir 2, SPM 2000/AM 1
note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one seat to the French Senate; elections last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 10 June 2007, second round - 17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Left Radical Party 1
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Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
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Archipelago Tomorrow or AD affiliated with UDF/RPR list; Cap sur l'Avenir affiliated with PRG; Left Radical Party or PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR (now UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2000/Avenir Miquelon or SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party or PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
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NA
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UPU, WFTU
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
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none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
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a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with yellow wavy lines under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy
note: the flag of France used for official occasions
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Economy ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
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$48.3 million (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 223
note: supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million
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$NA
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NA%
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$7,000 (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
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agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
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3,450 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 216
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agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
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10.3% (1999)
country comparison to the world: 126
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NA%
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
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revenues: $70 million
expenditures: $60 million (1996 est.)
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8.1% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 127
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vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
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fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
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NA%
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53 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
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49.29 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
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0 kWh (2008 est.)
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0 kWh (2008 est.)
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0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
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1,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
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0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
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563.6 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
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0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
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0 cu m (2008)
country comparison to the world: 123
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0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
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0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
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$5.5 million (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
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fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
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$68.2 million (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
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meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
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$NA
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euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6734 (2008 est.), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)
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Communications ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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4,800 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 213
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general assessment: adequate
domestic: NA
international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
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AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
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0 (2 repeaters rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
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.pm
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0 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 231
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Transportation ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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2 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 200
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total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2009)
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total: 117 km
country comparison to the world: 212
paved: 80 km
unpaved: 37 km (2000)
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Saint-Pierre
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Military ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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males age 16-49: 1,427
females age 16-49: 1,406 (2009 est.)
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male: 61
female: 57 (2009 est.)
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defense is the responsibility of France
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Transnational Issues ::Saint Pierre and Miquelon
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none
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The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
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