Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

 
Central Intelligence Agency
The Work of a Nation. The Center of Intelligence
CIA - The World Factbook The World Factbook Home
CIA - The World Factbook
Africa :: Mauritius
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Mauritius
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Mauritius
Click flag or map to enlarge Opens in New Window
 
Map of Mauritius
Click map to enlarge Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Mauritius
 
no photos available of Mauritius
Expand All | collapse All
Introduction ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
Back to Top
Geography ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20 17 S, 57 33 E
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,040 sq km
country comparison to the world: 180
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
177 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land, fish
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 49.02%
permanent crops: 2.94%
other: 48.04% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
220 sq km (2003)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.2 cu km (2001)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 0.61 cu km/yr (25%/14%/60%)
per capita: 488 cu m/yr (2000)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs; home of the dodo, a large flightless bird related to pigeons, driven to extinction by the end of the 17th century through a combination of hunting and the introduction of predatory species
Back to Top
People ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,284,264 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 22.5% (male 147,136/female 142,121)
15-64 years: 70.4% (male 449,176/female 455,057)
65 years and over: 7.1% (male 36,309/female 54,465) (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 31.9 years
male: 31 years
female: 32.7 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.776% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14.41 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.59 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 42% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 12.2 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 145
male: 14.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 74 years
country comparison to the world: 93
male: 70.53 years
female: 77.65 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.81 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.7% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
13,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
fewer than 100 (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.4%
male: 88.4%
female: 80.5% (2000 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 13 years (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.9% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 110
Back to Top
Government ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
conventional short form: Mauritius
local long form: Republic of Mauritius
local short form: Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
parliamentary democracy
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Port Louis
geographic coordinates: 20 09 S, 57 29 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 March 1968 (from the UK)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 12 March (1968)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: President Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 7 October 2003); Vice President Abdool Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 February 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM (since 5 July 2005)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 19 September 2008 (next to be held in 2013); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly
election results: Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH reelected president by unanimous vote; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral National Assembly (70 seats; 62 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the election commission to give representation to various ethnic minorities; to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 3 July 2005 (next to be held in July 2010)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AS 38, MSM/MMM 22, OPR 2; appointed seats - AS 4, MSM/MMM 2, OPR 2
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Supreme Court
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Alliance Sociale or AS [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM] (governing coalition - includes MLD, MMSM, MR, MSD, PMXD); Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER]; Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement or MMSM [Madan DULLOO]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Pravind JUGNAUTH]; Mouvement Republicain or MR [Jayarama VALAYDEN]; Parti Mauricien Xavier Duval or PMXD [Xavier Luc DUVAL]; Rodrigues Movement or MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]; Rodrigues Peoples Organization or OPR [Serge CLAIR]
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
other: various labor unions
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, CPLP (associate), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SAARC (observer), SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Keerteecoomar RUHEE
chancery: 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 441, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491 through 1492
FAX: [1] (202) 966-0983
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Cesar CABRERA
embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis
mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450
telephone: [230] 202-4400
FAX: [230] 208-9534
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green
Back to Top
Economy ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 15% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on creating vertical and horizontal clusters of development in these sectors. Mauritius has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China. Investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$15.27 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
$14.6 billion (2007 est.)
$13.85 billion (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$8.738 billion (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.6% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
5.4% (2007 est.)
5.1% (2006 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$12,000 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
$11,600 (2007 est.)
$11,100 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 4.6%
industry: 24.9%
services: 70.5% (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
584,000 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture and fishing 9%, construction and industry 30%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 22%, finance 6%, other services 25% (2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7.2% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
8.8% (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8% (2006 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
39 (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
37 (1987 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
25.4% of GDP (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $1.871 billion
expenditures: $2.163 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
56.6% of GDP (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
29.2% of GDP (2004 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.7% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
8.8% (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 14
21.87% (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.68 billion (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 97
$1.673 billion (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$6.915 billion (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 71
$6.759 billion (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$9.324 billion (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 89
$8.582 billion (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3.443 billion (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 83
$5.666 billion (31 December 2007)
$3.598 billion (31 December 2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.321 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.158 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
23,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22,200 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008)
country comparison to the world: 150
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$-974.5 million (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
$-408.3 million (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.404 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
$2.231 billion (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
UK 29.9%, France 14.7%, US 8.3%, Madagascar 7%, Italy 6.4%, Belgium 5%, UAE 4.9% (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.391 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
$3.656 billion (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
India 21.3%, France 11.9%, China 9.4%, South Africa 7.6% (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.785 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
$1.822 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$2.476 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
$2.149 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Mauritian rupees (MUR) per US dollar - 27.973 (2008 est.), 31.798 (2007), 31.656 (2006), 29.496 (2005), 27.499 (2004)
Back to Top
Communications ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
364,500 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 103
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.033 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 142
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: small system with good service
domestic: monopoly over fixed-line services terminated in 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched in 1989 with teledensity in 2008 reaching 80 per 100 persons
international: country code - 230; landing point for the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Asia and South Africa where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, and Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
AM 4, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2001)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 (plus several repeaters) (1997)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.mu
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22,813 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 99
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
380,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 114
Back to Top
Transportation ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 181
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 1 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2,028 km
country comparison to the world: 173
paved: 2,028 km (includes 75 km of expressways) (2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3
country comparison to the world: 141
by type: passenger/cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 1 (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Port Louis
Back to Top
Military ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Mauritius Police Force, Special Mobile Force, National Coast Guard (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 341,018 (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 277,690
females age 16-49: 282,211 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 10,901
female: 10,796 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.3% of GDP (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
Back to Top
Transnational Issues ::Mauritius
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly in Mauritius; claims French-administered Tromelin Island
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
Back to Top
Expand All | collapse All
The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.