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Europe :: Monaco
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Monaco
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Monaco
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Map of Monaco
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of Monaco
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Introduction ::Monaco
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The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century, and a principality was established in 1338. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
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Geography ::Monaco
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Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
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43 44 N, 7 24 E
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total: 2 sq km
country comparison to the world: 248
land: 2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
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about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
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total: 4.4 km
border countries: France 4.4 km
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4.1 km
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territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
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Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
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hilly, rugged, rocky
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lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mont Agel 140 m
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none
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arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2005)
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NA
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NA
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NA
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party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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second-smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban
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People ::Monaco
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32,965 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
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0-14 years: 14.6% (male 2,466/female 2,349)
15-64 years: 62.4% (male 10,184/female 10,395)
65 years and over: 23% (male 3,068/female 4,503) (2009 est.)
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total: 45.7 years
male: 43.6 years
female: 47.7 years (2009 est.)
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0.394% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
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9.1 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 209
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12.74 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
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7.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
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urban population: 100% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
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at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
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total: 5 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 191
male: 5.77 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
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total population: 80.09 years
country comparison to the world: 21
male: 76.3 years
female: 84.09 years (2009 est.)
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1.75 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
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NA
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NA
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NA
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noun: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)
adjective: Monegasque or Monacan
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French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
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Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%
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French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
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4.4% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 93
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Government ::Monaco
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conventional long form: Principality of Monaco
conventional short form: Monaco
local long form: Principaute de Monaco
local short form: Monaco
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constitutional monarchy
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name: Monaco
geographic coordinates: 43 44 N, 7 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier); Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo
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1419 (beginning of rule by the House of Grimaldi)
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National Day (Saint Rainier's Day), 19 November (1857)
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17 December 1962; modified 2 April 2002
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based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
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18 years of age; universal
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chief of state: Prince ALBERT II (since 6 April 2005)
head of government: Minister of State Jean-Paul PROUST (since 1 June 2005)
cabinet: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch from a list of three French national candidates presented by the French Government
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unicameral National Council or Conseil National (24 seats; 16 members elected by list majority system, 8 by proportional representation; to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 3 February 2008 (next to be held in February 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - UPM 52.2%, REM 40.5%, Monaco Together 7.3%; seats by party - UPM 21, REM 3
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Supreme Court or Tribunal Supreme (judges appointed by the monarch on the basis of nominations by the National Council)
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Union for Monaco or UPM (including National Union for the Future of Monaco or UNAM); Rally and Issues for Monaco or REM; Monaco Together
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NA
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CE, FAO, IAEA, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
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chief of mission: Ambassador to the US and Representative to the UN Gilles NOGHES
chancery: 3400 International Drive NW, Suite 2K-100, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (202) 234-1530
FAX: (202) 552-5778
consulate(s) general: New York
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the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Ambassador to France is accredited to Monaco; the US Consul General in Marseille (France), under the authority of the US ambassador to France, handles routine diplomatic and consular matters concerning Monaco
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two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red
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Economy ::Monaco
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Monaco, bordering France on the Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The principality also is a major banking center and has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors, including tobacco, the telephone network, and the postal service. Living standards are high, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas.
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$976.3 million (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
note: Monaco does not publish national income figures; the estimates are extremely rough
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$NA
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0.9% (2000 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
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$30,000 (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
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agriculture: 0%
industry: 4.9%
services: 95.1% (2005)
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44,000
country comparison to the world: 185
note: includes workers from all foreign countries (2005 est.)
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0% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 2
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NA%
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
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revenues: $863 million
expenditures: $920.6 million (2005 est.)
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1.9% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 15
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$NA
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none
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tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
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NA%
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NA kWh
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NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
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$716.3 million (2005)
country comparison to the world: 158
note: full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU market system through customs union with France
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$916.1 million (2005)
country comparison to the world: 171
note: full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU market system through customs union with France
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$18 billion (2000 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
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euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6827 (2008 est.), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)
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Communications ::Monaco
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35,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 175
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22,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 205
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general assessment: modern automatic telephone system; the country's sole fixed line operator offers a full range of services to residential and business customers
domestic: combined fixed line and mobile telephone density exceeds 100%
international: country code - 377; no satellite earth stations; connected by cable into the French communications system
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AM 1, FM 11, shortwave 1 (2008)
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5 (1998)
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.mc
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22,608 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 100
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22,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 189
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Transportation ::Monaco
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1 (2007)
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total: 50 km
country comparison to the world: 215
paved: 50 km (2007)
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registered in other countries: 70 (Bahamas 15, Georgia 4, Isle of Man 3, Liberia 8, Marshall Islands 13, Norway 5, Panama 16, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Vanuatu 1) (2008)
country comparison to the world: 61
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Monaco
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Military ::Monaco
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no regular military forces; the Palace Guard performs ceremonial duties
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males age 16-49: 6,687 (2008 est.)
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males age 16-49: 5,495
females age 16-49: 5,406 (2009 est.)
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male: 190
female: 182 (2009 est.)
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defense is the responsibility of France
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Transnational Issues ::Monaco
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none
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