Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

 
Central Intelligence Agency
The Work of a Nation. The Center of Intelligence
CIA - The World Factbook The World Factbook Home
CIA - The World Factbook
Europe :: Jersey
(British crown dependency)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Jersey
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Jersey
Click flag or map to enlarge Opens in New Window
 
Map of Jersey
Click map to enlarge Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Jersey
 
no photos available of Jersey
Expand All | collapse All
Introduction ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
Back to Top
Geography ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
49 15 N, 2 10 W
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 116 sq km
country comparison to the world: 224
land: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
70 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 143 m
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
Back to Top
People ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
91,626 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 194
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 16.1% (male 7,623/female 7,087)
15-64 years: 67.7% (male 30,914/female 31,081)
65 years and over: 16.3% (male 6,614/female 8,307) (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 42.9 years
male: 42.1 years
female: 43.6 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.211% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.63 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 218
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9.26 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 31% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 4.73 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 197
male: 5.09 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 79.75 years
country comparison to the world: 25
male: 77.23 years
female: 82.46 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.57 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Jersey 51.1%, Britons 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Back to Top
Government ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
British crown dependency
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
parliamentary democracy
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Saint Helier
geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes including Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (British crown dependency)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and local statutes; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16 years of age; universal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Andrew RIDGEWAY (since 14 June 2006)
head of government: Chief Minister Terry LE SUEUR (12 December 2008); Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since February 1995)
cabinet: Cabinet (since December 2005)
elections: ministers of the Cabinet including the chief minister are elected by the Assembly of States; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (58 seats; 55 are voting members, of which 12 are senators elected for six-year terms, 12 are constables or heads of parishes elected for three-year terms, 29 are deputies elected for three-year terms, the bailiff and the deputy bailiff, and 3 non-voting members includes the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General appointed by the monarch)
elections: last held 15 October 2008 for senators and 26 November 2008 for deputies (next to be held in 2011)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 55
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
two declared parties: Centre Party; Jersey Democratic Alliance
note: all senators and deputies elected in 2008 were independents
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support); Jersey Hospitality Association [Robert JONES] (trade association); Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights); La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group); Progress Jersey [Darius J. PEARCE, Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights); Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle); Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (British crown dependency)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (British crown dependency)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with the three lions of England in yellow
Back to Top
Economy ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2005 the finance sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.1 billion (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$5.1 billion (2005 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$57,000 (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 1%
industry: 2%
services: 97% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
53,560 (June 2006)
country comparison to the world: 181
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.2% (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $829 million
expenditures: $851 million (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.7% (December 2006)
country comparison to the world: 54
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Jersey pounds per US dollar 0.5302 (2008 est.), 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004)
note: the Jersey pound is at par with the British pound
Back to Top
Communications ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
74,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 154
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
83,900 (2004)
country comparison to the world: 185
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: state owned, partially-competitive market; increasingly modern, with some broadband access
domestic: digital telephone system launch announced in 2006 and currently being implemented; fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density exceeds 100 per 100 persons
international: submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
AM NA, FM 1, shortwave 0 (UK radio broadcasts carried via local relays) (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 (UK television carried by local relays with a switch to digital broadcasts scheduled for 2010) (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.je
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
219 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 187
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
29,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 181
Back to Top
Transportation ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 224
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 358 km (2002)
country comparison to the world: 199
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
Back to Top
Military ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 16,920
females age 16-49: 16,826 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 586
female: 541 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Back to Top
Transnational Issues ::Jersey
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
Back to Top
Expand All | collapse All
The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.