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Europe :: Isle of Man
(British crown dependency)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Isle of Man
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Isle of Man
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Map of Isle of Man
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Introduction ::Isle of Man
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Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
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Geography ::Isle of Man
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Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
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54 15 N, 4 30 W
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total: 572 sq km
country comparison to the world: 194
land: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km
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slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
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0 km
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160 km
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territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
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temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time
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hills in north and south bisected by central valley
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lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m
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none
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arable land: 9%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)
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0 sq km
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NA
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waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
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one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary
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People ::Isle of Man
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76,512 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
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0-14 years: 16.9% (male 6,612/female 6,300)
15-64 years: 66% (male 25,433/female 25,083)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,408/female 7,676) (2009 est.)
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total: 40.2 years
male: 39 years
female: 41.4 years (2009 est.)
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0.524% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
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10.77 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
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10.76 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
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5.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
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urban population: 51% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: -0.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
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at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
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total: 5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 184
male: 6.11 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
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total population: 78.82 years
country comparison to the world: 39
male: 75.86 years
female: 81.93 years (2009 est.)
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1.65 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
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NA
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NA
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NA
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noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx
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Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons
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Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
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English, Manx Gaelic
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NA
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NA
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Government ::Isle of Man
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conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
abbreviation: I.O.M.
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British crown dependency
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parliamentary democracy
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name: Douglas
geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
time difference: UTC 0 (five hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
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none (British crown dependency)
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Tynwald Day, 5 July
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unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
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the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and Manx statutes
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16 years of age; universal
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chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul K. HADDACKS (since 17 October 2005)
head of government: Chief Minister Tony BROWN (since 14 December 2006)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; the chief minister is elected by the Tynwald for a five-year term; election last held 14 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011)
election results: House of Keys speaker Tony BROWN elected chief minister by the Tynwald
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bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys - last held 23 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2011)
election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 2, Man Labor Party 1, independents 21
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High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
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Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Man Labor Party; Man Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
note: most members sit as independents
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Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog); Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the Tynwald
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UPU
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none (British crown dependency)
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none (British crown dependency)
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red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
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Economy ::Isle of Man
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Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
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$2.719 billion (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177
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$2.719 billion (2005 est.)
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5.2% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 80
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$35,000 (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
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agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)
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39,690 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 190
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agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10% (2001)
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1.5% (December 2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
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NA%
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
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revenues: $965 million
expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)
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3.1% (December 2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
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$NA
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cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
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financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
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$NA
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tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
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$NA
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timber, fertilizers, fish
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$NA
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Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar - 0.5302 (2008 est.), 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004)
note: the Manx pound is at par with the British pound
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Communications ::Isle of Man
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51,000 (1999)
country comparison to the world: 161
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general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
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AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
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0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
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.im
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478 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 174
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Transportation ::Isle of Man
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1 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 229
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total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
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total: 63 km
country comparison to the world: 129
narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)
note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)
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total: 500 km (2008)
country comparison to the world: 191
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total: 273
country comparison to the world: 31
by type: bulk carrier 31, cargo 50, chemical tanker 48, container 12, liquefied gas 41, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 73, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 8, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 181 (Chile 6, Denmark 29, France 1, Germany 56, Greece 50, Ireland 1, Japan 6, Monaco 3, Netherlands 1, Norway 20, Singapore 1, Sweden 1, Turkey 2, US 4)
registered in other countries: 7 (Bahamas 1, Liberia 5, Marshall Islands 1) (2008)
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Douglas, Ramsey
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Military ::Isle of Man
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males age 16-49: 14,691
females age 16-49: 14,338 (2009 est.)
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male: 466
female: 446 (2009 est.)
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defense is the responsibility of the UK
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Transnational Issues ::Isle of Man
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none
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