Europe :: Jan Mayen
(territory of Norway)
page last updated on September 22, 2009
Flag of Jan Mayen
Location of Jan Mayen
Map of Jan Mayen
Introduction ::Jan Mayen
This desolate, arctic, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg volcano resumed activity in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985. It is the northernmost active volcano on earth.
Geography ::Jan Mayen
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
71 00 N, 8 00 W
total: 377 sq km
country comparison to the world: 203
land: 377 sq km
water: 0 sq km
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
0 km
124.1 km
territorial sea: 4 nm
contiguous zone: 10 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg 2,277 m
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
0 sq km
dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985
barren volcanic island with some moss and grass
People ::Jan Mayen
no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Government ::Jan Mayen
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Jan Mayen
territory of Norway; since August 1994, administered from Oslo through the county governor (fylkesmann) of Nordland; however, authority has been delegated to a station commander of the Norwegian Defense Communication Service
the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
the flag of Norway is used
Economy ::Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen is a volcanic island with no exploitable natural resources. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway's radio and meteorological stations on the island.
Communications ::Jan Mayen
NA; note - there is one radio and meteorological station (1998)
Transportation ::Jan Mayen
1 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 223
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
none; offshore anchorage only
Military ::Jan Mayen
defense is the responsibility of Norway
Transnational Issues ::Jan Mayen