(overseas territory of the UK)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Anguilla
Location of Anguilla
 
Map of Anguilla
Introduction ::Anguilla
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Geography ::Anguilla
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
18 15 N, 63 10 W
total: 91 sq km
country comparison to the world: 226
land: 91 sq km
water: 0 sq km
about one-half the size of Washington, DC
0 km
61 km
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
salt, fish, lobster
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
NA
frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
People ::Anguilla
14,436 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 221
0-14 years: 24.5% (male 1,815/female 1,725)
15-64 years: 67.8% (male 4,665/female 5,125)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 534/female 572) (2009 est.)
total: 32.6 years
male: 31.5 years
female: 33.8 years (2009 est.)
2.272% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
13.02 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
4.36 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
14.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
urban population: 100% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
total: 3.52 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 215
male: 3.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
total population: 80.65 years
country comparison to the world: 15
male: 78.11 years
female: 83.26 years (2009 est.)
1.75 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
NA
NA
NA
noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan
black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)
Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
English (official)
definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2006)
4% of GDP (2005)
country comparison to the world: 101
Government ::Anguilla
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla
overseas territory of the UK
NA
name: The Valley
geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
none (overseas territory of the UK)
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
based on English common law
18 years of age; universal
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Alistair HARRISON (since 21 April 2009)
head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 21 February 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote by party - AUF 38.9%, AUM 19.4%, ANSA 19.2%, APP 9.5%, independents 13%; seats by party - AUF 4, ANSA 2, AUM 1
High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA); Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Roy ROGERS]; Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
NA
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU, WFTU
none (overseas territory of the UK)
none (overseas territory of the UK)
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
Economy ::Anguilla
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
$108.9 million (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
$108.9 million (2004 est.)
10.2% (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
$8,800 (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
agriculture: 4%
industry: 18%
services: 78% (2002 est.)
6,049 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 212
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
8% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 110
23% (2002)
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
revenues: $22.8 million
expenditures: $22.5 million (2000 est.)
5.3% (2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
6.5% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 58
6.5% (31 December 2007)
NA% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 87
9.76% (31 December 2007)
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 169
$23.57 million (31 December 2007)
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 140
$470.1 million (31 December 2007)
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 147
$447.7 million (31 December 2007)
small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
NA
NA kWh
$-42.87 million (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
$13 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 208
lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
$143 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 202
fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
$8.8 million (1998)
country comparison to the world: 199
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
note: fixed rate since 1976
Communications ::Anguilla
5,800 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 211
13,100 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 210
general assessment: NA
domestic: modern internal telephone system
international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) (2007)
AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2004)
1 (1997)
.ai
258 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 181
4,500 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 204
Transportation ::Anguilla
3 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 192
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2009)
total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2009)
total: 175 km
country comparison to the world: 208
paved: 82 km
unpaved: 93 km (2004)
Blowing Point, Road Bay
Military ::Anguilla
males age 16-49: 3,538 (2008 est.)
males age 16-49: 2,955
females age 16-49: 3,308 (2009 est.)
male: 107
female: 106 (2009 est.)
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Transnational Issues ::Anguilla
none
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe