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Europe :: San Marino
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of San Marino
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of San Marino
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Map of San Marino
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Introduction ::San Marino
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The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
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Geography ::San Marino
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Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
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43 46 N, 12 25 E
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total: 61 sq km
country comparison to the world: 228
land: 61 sq km
water: 0 sq km
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about one third times the size of Washington, DC
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total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
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0 km (landlocked)
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none (landlocked)
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Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
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rugged mountains
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lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
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building stone
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arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2005)
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NA
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NA
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NA
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party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
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landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines
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People ::San Marino
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30,324 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 212
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0-14 years: 16.8% (male 2,636/female 2,451)
15-64 years: 65.8% (male 9,539/female 10,428)
65 years and over: 17.4% (male 2,273/female 2,997) (2009 est.)
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total: 41.5 years
male: 41.1 years
female: 41.9 years (2009 est.)
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1.148% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
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9.63 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
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8.48 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
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10.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
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urban population: 94% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
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at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
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total: 5.34 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 186
male: 5.76 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
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total population: 81.97 years
country comparison to the world: 5
male: 78.53 years
female: 85.72 years (2009 est.)
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1.36 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
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NA
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NA
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NA
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noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese
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Sammarinese, Italian
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Roman Catholic
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Italian
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definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95%
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NA
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Government ::San Marino
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conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino
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republic
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name: San Marino
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle
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3 September 301
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Founding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)
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8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
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based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
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18 years of age; universal
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chief of state: Co-chiefs of State Captain Regent Francesco MUSSONI and Captain Regent Stefano PALMIERI (for the period 1 October 2009-31 March 2010)
head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Antonella MULARONI (since 3 December 2008)
cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
elections: co-chiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held in September 2009 (next to be held in March 2010); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 9 November 2008 (next to be held by 2013)
election results: Francesco MUSSONI and Stefano PALMIERI elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA; Antonella MULARONI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (co-chiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some prime ministerial roles
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unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 9 November 2008 (next to be held by June 2013)
election results: percent of vote by party - Pact for San Marino coalition 54.2%: PDCS 31.9%, AP 11.5%, Freedom List 6.3%, San Marino Union of Moderates 4.2%; Reforms and Freedom coalition 45.8%: Party of Socialists and Democrats 32%, United Left 8.6%, Democrats of the Center 4.9%; seats by party - Pact for San Marino coalition 35: PDCS 22, AP 7, the Freedom List 4, San Marino Union of Moderates 2; Reforms and Freedom coalition 25: Party of Socialists and Democrats 18, United Left 5, Democrats of the Center 2
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Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
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Christian Democrats or PDCS [Pasquale VALENTINI]; Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Democrats of the Center or DdC [Giovanni LONGERNINI]; Freedom List (including NPS and We Sammarinesi or NS [Gabriele GATTEI]; New Socialist Party or NPS [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists and Democrats or PDS [Paride ANDREOLI]; Popular Alliance or AP [Carlo FRANCIOSI]; Union of Moderates (including National Alliance or ANS [Glcuco SANSOVINI] and San Marino Populars or pop [Romeo MORRI and Angela VENTURINI]; United Left of SU [Alessandro ROSSI]
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NA
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CE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO
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chief of mission: Ambassador Paolo RONDELLI
chancery: 888 27th Street NW, Suite 900, Washington, DC 20006
telephone: 202-337-2260
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the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino
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two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
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Economy ::San Marino
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San Marino's economy relies heavily on its tourism and banking industries, as well as from the manufacture and export of ceramics, clothing, fabrics, furniture, paints, spirits, tiles, and wine. The economy also benefits from foreign investment due to its relatively low corporate taxes and low taxes on interest earnings. The San Marino government, sworn in on 3 December 2008, will continue to work towards an economic cooperation agreement with Italy - a longstanding priority - as well as harmonizing its fiscal laws with EU members. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
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$1.662 billion (2007)
country comparison to the world: 188
$850 million (2004 est.)
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$1.048 billion (2004)
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4.3% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
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$41,900 (2007)
country comparison to the world: 16
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agriculture: 0.1%
industry: 46.5%
services: 53.4% (2007)
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22,660 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 201
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agriculture: 0.1%
industry: 37.7%
services: 62.2% (2008 est.)
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3.1% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 35
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NA%
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
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revenues: $690.6 million
expenditures: $652.9 million (2006)
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-3.5% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 1
-1.5% (2006)
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NA% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 113
7.58% (31 December 2007)
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$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 109
$1.326 billion (31 December 2007)
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$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 82
$4.584 billion (31 December 2007)
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$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 90
$7.511 billion (31 December 2007)
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$NA
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wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
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tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
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3.1% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 78
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$4.628 billion (2007)
country comparison to the world: 113
$1.291 billion (2004)
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building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
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$3.744 billion (2007)
country comparison to the world: 129
$2.035 billion (2004)
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wide variety of consumer manufactures, food
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$NA
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euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6734 (2008 est.), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)
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Communications ::San Marino
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21,300 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 193
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17,700 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 208
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general assessment: adequate connections
domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity 130 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network (2008)
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AM 0, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2008)
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1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)
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.sm
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6,734 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 132
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17,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 193
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Transportation ::San Marino
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total: 292 km
country comparison to the world: 202
paved: 292 km (2006)
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Military ::San Marino
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no regular military forces; Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) performs ceremonial duties and limited police support functions (2008)
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16-55 for voluntary service in Voluntary Military Force (2006)
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males age 16-49: 6,613 (2008 est.)
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males age 16-49: 5,343
females age 16-49: 6,048 (2009 est.)
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male: 161
female: 160 (2009 est.)
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NA
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defense is the responsibility of Italy
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Transnational Issues ::San Marino
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none
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