Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

 
Central Intelligence Agency
The Work of a Nation. The Center of Intelligence
CIA - The World Factbook The World Factbook Home
CIA - The World Factbook
(overseas territory of the UK)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Montserrat
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Montserrat
Click flag or map to enlarge Opens in New Window
 
Map of Montserrat
Click map to enlarge Opens in New Window
Photos of Montserrat
 
Navigation Arrowview 1 photo Opens in New Window
of Montserrat
Expand All | collapse All
Introduction ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.
Back to Top
Geography ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
16 45 N, 62 12 W
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 102 sq km
country comparison to the world: 225
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
40 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: lava dome in English's Crater (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) estimated at over 930 m (2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NEGL
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 80% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the island is entirely volcanic in origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages
Back to Top
People ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5,097
country comparison to the world: 228
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 27.6% (male 731/female 678)
15-64 years: 65.5% (male 1,599/female 1,738)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 232/female 119) (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 28.5 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 28.7 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0.392% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.36 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8.44 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 14% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 16.08 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 122
male: 12.01 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 72.76 years
country comparison to the world: 115
male: 74.74 years
female: 70.68 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.23 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 216
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Montserratian(s)
adjective: Montserratian
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
black, white
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 97% (1970 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3.3% of GDP (2004)
country comparison to the world: 137
Back to Top
Government ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
overseas territory of the UK
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Plymouth
geographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
effective 19 December 1989
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
English common law and statutory law
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter A. WATERWORTH (since 27 July 2007)
head of government: Chief Minister Rueben MEADE (since 10 September 2009)
cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)
note: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members with attorney general and financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members
elections: last held 8 September 2009 (next to be held by 2014)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MCAP 6, independents 3
note: in 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots for all nine seats of the Legislative Council
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]; Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]; New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU, WFTU
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp with her arm around a black cross
Back to Top
Economy ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998 but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. The UK has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. Half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable for another decade.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$29 million (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 224
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-1% (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 210
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3,400 (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 23.1%
services: 75.7% (1999 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4,521
country comparison to the world: 214
note: lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity (2000 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6% (1998 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $31.4 million
expenditures: $31.6 million (1997 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.6% (2002 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6.5% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 65
6.5% (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 81
10.4% (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 172
$17.9 million (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 167
$43.9 million (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 173
$5.537 million (31 December 2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
22 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
20.46 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
520.6 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008)
country comparison to the world: 155
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$700,000 (2001)
country comparison to the world: 219
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattle
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$17 million
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$8.9 million (1997)
country comparison to the world: 198
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
note: fixed rate since 1976
Back to Top
Communications ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2,800 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 218
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
3,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 214
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: modern and fully digitalized
domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone systems available
international: country code - 1-664; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 (1997)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.ms
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
688 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 168
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,200 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 211
Back to Top
Transportation ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 207
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
note: volcanic eruptions that began in 1995 destroyed most of the 227 km road system; a new road infrastructure has been built in the north end of the island (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Little Bay, Plymouth
Back to Top
Military ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 2,528 (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 1,126
females age 16-49: 1,226 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 36
female: 33 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Back to Top
Transnational Issues ::Montserrat
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
none
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Back to Top
Expand All | collapse All
The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.