Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

 
Central Intelligence Agency
The Work of a Nation. The Center of Intelligence
CIA - The World Factbook The World Factbook Home
CIA - The World Factbook
Africa :: Guinea
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Guinea
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Guinea
Click flag or map to enlarge Opens in New Window
 
Map of Guinea
Click map to enlarge Opens in New Window
No Photos available for Guinea
 
no photos available of Guinea
Expand All | collapse All
Introduction ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Guinea has had a history of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution as well as political and union activity. Guinea has maintained some semblance of internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, however, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006, and a third nationwide strike in early 2007.
Back to Top
Geography ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11 00 N, 10 00 W
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 245,857 sq km
country comparison to the world: 78
land: 245,717 sq km
water: 140 sq km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly smaller than Oregon
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3,399 km
border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
320 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 4.47%
permanent crops: 2.64%
other: 92.89% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
950 sq km (2003)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
226 cu km (1987)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1.51 cu km/yr (8%/2%/90%)
per capita: 161 cu m/yr (2000)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources in the Guinean highlands
Back to Top
People ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
10,057,975 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0-14 years: 42.8% (male 2,175,852/female 2,128,518)
15-64 years: 53.7% (male 2,701,184/female 2,704,161)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 153,053/female 195,207) (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 18.5 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.7 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.572% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
37.52 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
11 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
urban population: 34% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 65.22 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 31
male: 68.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 61.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total population: 57.09 years
country comparison to the world: 189
male: 55.63 years
female: 58.6 years (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
5.2 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.6% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
87,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4,500 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 29.5%
male: 42.6%
female: 18.1% (2003 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 8 years
male: 10 years
female: 7 years (2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.6% of GDP (2005)
country comparison to the world: 173
Back to Top
Government ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conventional long form: Republic of Guinea
conventional short form: Guinea
local long form: Republique de Guinee
local short form: Guinee
former: French Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
republic
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
name: Conakry
geographic coordinates: 9 33 N, 13 42 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
33 prefectures and 1 special zone (zone special)*; Beyla, Boffa, Boke, Conakry*, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Dubreka, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria, Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara, Kouroussa, Labe, Lelouma, Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore, Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue, Yomou
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2 October 1958 (from France)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Independence Day, 2 October (1958)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
23 December 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18 years of age; universal
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of state: Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA, President of the National Council for Democracy and Development, who led a military coup following the death of President Lansana CONTE on 22 December 2008
head of government: Prime Minister Kabine KOMARA (since 30 December 2008)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (no term limits); candidate must receive a majority of the votes cast to be elected president; election last held 21 December 2003 (ad hoc election scheduled for 31 January 2010); the prime minister is appointed by the president
election results: Lansana CONTE reelected president; percent of vote - Lansana CONTE 95.3%, Mamadou Bhoye BARRY 4.6%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
unicameral People's National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; members are elected by a mixed system of direct popular vote and proportional party lists)
elections: last held 30 June 2002 (legislative elections due in 2007 were first rescheduled for 2008 and subsequently rescheduled for 26 March 2010)
election results: percent of vote by party - PUP 61.6%, UPR 26.6%, other 11.8%; seats by party - PUP 85, UPR 20, other 9
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Court of First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
National Union for Progress or UPN [Mamadou Bhoye BARRY]; Party for Unity and Progress or PUP (the governing party) [Sekou KONATE]; People's Party of Guinea or PPG [Charles Pascal TOLNO]; Rally for the Guinean People or RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea or UFDG [Cellou Dalein DIALLO]; Union of Republican Forces or UFR [Sidya TOURE]; Union for Progress of Guinea or UPG [Jean-Marie DORE, secretary-general]; Union for Progress and Renewal or UPR [Ousmane BAH]
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
National Confederation of Guinean Workers-Labor Union of Guinean Workers or CNTG-USTG Alliance (includes National Confederation of Guinean Workers or CNTG [Rabiatou Sarah DIALLO] and Labor Union of Guinean Workers or USTG [Dr. Ibrahima FOFANA]); National Council of Civil Society Organizations of Guinea or CNOSCG [Ben Sekou SYLLA]; Syndicate of Guinean Teachers and Researchers or SLECG [Dr. Louis M'Bemba SOUMAH]
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador Mory Karamoko KABA
chancery: 2112 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 986-4300
FAX: [1] (202) 483-8688
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Elizabeth RASPOLIC
embassy: Koloma, Conakry, east of Hamdallaye Circle
mailing address: B. P. 603, Transversale No. 2, Centre Administratif de Koloma, Commune de Ratoma, Conakry
telephone: [224] 65-10-40-00
FAX: [224] 65-10-42-97
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Back to Top
Economy ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country has almost half of the world's bauxite reserves. The mining sector accounts for more than 70% of exports. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Investor confidence has been sapped by rampant corruption, a lack of electricity and other infrastructure, a lack of skilled workers, and the political uncertainty because of the death of President Lansana CONTE in December 2008. Guinea is trying to reengage with the IMF and World Bank, which cut off most assistance in 2003, and is working closely with technical advisors from the U.S. Treasury Department, the World Bank and IMF, seeking to return to a fully funded program. Growth rose slightly in 2006-08, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets, but the standard of living fell. The Guinea franc depreciated sharply as the prices for basic necessities like food and fuel rose beyond the reach of most Guineans. Dissatisfaction with economic conditions prompted nationwide strikes in February and June 2006.
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$10.6 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
$10.14 billion (2007 est.)
$9.994 billion (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$4.542 billion (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.5% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
1.5% (2007 est.)
2.2% (2006 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1,100 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 209
$1,100 (2007 est.)
$1,100 (2006 est.)
note: data are in 2008 US dollars
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 23.2%
industry: 39.5%
services: 37.3% (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
4.392 million (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
agriculture: 76%
industry and services: 24% (2006 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
47% (2006 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 41% (2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
38.1 (2006)
country comparison to the world: 73
40.3 (1994)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
12.3% of GDP (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
revenues: $769.7 million
expenditures: $837.7 million (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
15% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
23.4% (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 5
22.25% (31 December 2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
NA%
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 148
$309.8 million (31 December 2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$422.1 million (31 December 2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$NA
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
7% (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
850 million kWh
country comparison to the world: 149
note: excludes electricity generated at interior mining sites (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
790.5 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 kWh (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 191
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
9,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
8,674 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008)
country comparison to the world: 71
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$-487 million (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
$-463 million (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.392 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
$1.203 billion (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Spain 11.6%, Russia 11%, Ukraine 9.7%, Germany 7.7%, South Korea 7.2%, US 6.7%, China 5.6%, Ireland 4.8%, France 4.8% (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$1.388 billion (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
$1.218 billion (2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
China 10.3%, France 7.8%, Netherlands 7.6% (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$93 million (31 December 2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
$86 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
$3.527 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
$3.351 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Guinean francs (GNF) per US dollar - 5,500 (2008 est.), 4,122.8 (2007), 5,350 (2006), 3,644.3 (2005), 2,225 (2004)
Back to Top
Communications ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
50,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 163
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
2.6 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 113
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
general assessment: inadequate system of open-wire lines, small radiotelephone communication stations, and new microwave radio relay system
domestic: Conakry reasonably well served; coverage elsewhere remains inadequate and large companies tend to rely on their own systems for nationwide links; fixed-line density less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership is expanding and is roughly 25 per 100 persons
international: country code - 224; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
AM 0, FM 5, shortwave 3 (2006)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
6 (2001)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
.gn
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
14 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 218
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
90,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 157
Back to Top
Transportation ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
17 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 141
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 5
over 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 2 (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1,185 km
country comparison to the world: 86
standard gauge: 238 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 947 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 44,348 km
country comparison to the world: 82
paved: 4,342 km
unpaved: 40,006 km (2003)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,300 km (navigable by shallow-draft native craft) (2008)
country comparison to the world: 57
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Conakry, Kamsar
Back to Top
Military ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
National Armed Forces: Army, Navy (Armee de Mer or Marine Guineenne, includes Marines), Air Force (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
18-25 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; 18-month conscript service obligation (2009)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 2,230,049
females age 16-49: 2,193,236 (2008 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
males age 16-49: 1,396,278
females age 16-49: 1,435,387 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
male: 110,281
female: 107,879 (2009 est.)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1.7% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 97
Back to Top
Transnational Issues ::Guinea
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
conflicts among rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in neighboring states have spilled over into Guinea, resulting in domestic instability; Sierra Leone considers Guinea's definition of the flood plain limits to define the left bank boundary of the Makona and Moa rivers excessive and protests Guinea's continued occupation of these lands, including the hamlet of Yenga, occupied since 1998
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
refugees (country of origin): 21,856 (Liberia); 5,259 (Sierra Leone); 3,900 (Cote d'Ivoire)
IDPs: 19,000 (cross-border incursions from Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone) (2007)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
current situation: Guinea is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are children, and internal trafficking is more prevalent than transnational trafficking; within the country, girls are trafficked primarily for domestic servitude and sexual exploitation, while boys are trafficked for forced agricultural labor, and as forced beggars, street vendors, shoe shiners, and laborers in gold and diamond mines; some Guinean men are also trafficked for agricultural labor within Guinea; transnationally, girls are trafficked into Guinea for domestic servitude and likely also for sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Guinea is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking over 2006; Guinea demonstrated minimal law enforcement efforts for a second year in a row, while protection efforts diminished over efforts in 2006; the government did not report any trafficking convictions in 2007; due to a lack of resources, the government does not provide shelter services for trafficking victims; the government took no measures to reduce the demand for commercial sexual exploitation (2008)
Back to Top
Expand All | collapse All
The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.