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Europe :: Guernsey
(British crown dependency)
page last updated on October 28, 2009
Flag of Guernsey
(CONTAINS DESCRIPTION)
Location of Guernsey
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Map of Guernsey
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no photos available of Guernsey
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Introduction ::Guernsey
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Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
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Geography ::Guernsey
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Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
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49 28 N, 2 35 W
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total: 78 sq km
country comparison to the world: 227
land: 78 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
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about one-half the size of Washington, DC
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0 km
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50 km
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territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
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temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
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mostly level with low hills in southwest
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lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Sark 114 m
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cropland
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arable land: NA
permanent crops: NA
other: NA
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NA
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NA
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NA
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large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
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People ::Guernsey
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65,870 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
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0-14 years: 14.4% (male 4,793/female 4,668)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 22,058/female 22,433)
65 years and over: 18.1% (male 5,078/female 6,840) (2009 est.)
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total: 42.5 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 43.4 years (2009 est.)
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0.21% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
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8.46 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
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10.16 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
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3.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
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urban population: 31% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
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at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
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total: 4.47 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 200
male: 4.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
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total population: 80.77 years
country comparison to the world: 12
male: 77.76 years
female: 83.88 years (2009 est.)
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1.41 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
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NA
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NA
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NA
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noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
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UK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
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Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
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English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
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NA
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NA
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Government ::Guernsey
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conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
conventional short form: Guernsey
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British crown dependency
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parliamentary democracy
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name: Saint Peter Port
geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes including Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale
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none (British crown dependency)
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Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
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unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
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the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; justice is administered by the Royal Court
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16 years of age; universal
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chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Fabian MALBON (since 28 October 2005)
head of government: Chief Minister Lyndon TROTT (since 1 May 2008)
cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister is elected by States of Deliberation
election results: Lyndon TROTT elected chief minister, percent of vote of the States of Deliberation NA
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unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote for four years); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments
elections: last held 23 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents
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Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)
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none; all independents
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Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS; No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]
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UPU
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none (British crown dependency)
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none (British crown dependency)
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white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross
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Economy ::Guernsey
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Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 23% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.
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$2.742 billion (2005)
country comparison to the world: 176
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$2.742 billion (2005)
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3% (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
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$44,600 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 12
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agriculture: 3%
industry: 10%
services: 87% (2000)
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31,470 (March 2006)
country comparison to the world: 196
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0.9% (March 2006 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
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NA%
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lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
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revenues: $563.6 million
expenditures: $530.9 million (2005)
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3.4% (June 2006)
country comparison to the world: 45
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tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
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tourism, banking
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NA%
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NA kWh
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NA kWh
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0 kWh (2002)
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0 kWh (2002)
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$NA
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tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
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$NA
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coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment
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$NA
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Guernsey pound 0.5302 (2008 est.), 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004)
note: the Guernsey pound is at par with the British pound
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Communications ::Guernsey
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45,100 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 166
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43,800 (2004)
country comparison to the world: 197
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general assessment: NA
domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density exceeds 100 per 100 persons
international: 1 submarine cable
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AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
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1 (1997)
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.gg
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174 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 191
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46,100 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 172
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Transportation ::Guernsey
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2 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 209
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total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2009)
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Saint Peter Port, Saint Sampson
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Military ::Guernsey
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males age 16-49: 12,447
females age 16-49: 12,566 (2009 est.)
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male: 362
female: 351 (2009 est.)
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defense is the responsibility of the UK
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Transnational Issues ::Guernsey
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none
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