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Field Listing :: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.
Country Comparison to the World
Country
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
Albania $3.188 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.162 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Algeria $143.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$110.6 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Angola $18.38 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$11.2 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Argentina $46.37 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$46.12 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Armenia $1.405 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.659 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Australia $32.92 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$26.91 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Austria $16.7 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$18.22 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Azerbaijan $6.467 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.273 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bahrain $3.803 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.101 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bangladesh $5.789 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.278 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Barbados $620 million (2007)
$620 million (2007)
Belarus $2.687 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.952 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Belgium $15.65 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$16.51 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Belize $166.2 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$108.5 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Benin $1.236 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.209 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bolivia $7.722 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.318 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina $3.516 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.525 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Botswana $9.119 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$9.79 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Brazil $193.8 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$180.3 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bulgaria $17.93 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$17.54 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Burkina Faso $637 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.029 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Burma $3.412 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.312 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Burundi $266.7 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$177.1 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Cambodia $2.641 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.143 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cameroon $3.091 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.932 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Canada $43.87 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$41.08 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cape Verde $258 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$281 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Chad $1.347 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$964.4 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Chile $23.08 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$16.84 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
China $1.968 trillion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.534 trillion (31 December 2007 est.)
Colombia $23.67 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$20.95 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Congo, Republic of the $3.873 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.184 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Costa Rica $3.799 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.114 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire $1.715 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.519 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Croatia $12.96 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$13.67 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cuba $3.947 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.747 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cyprus $1.003 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.507 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Czech Republic $36.68 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$34.59 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Denmark $42.32 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$34.32 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Dominican Republic $2.288 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.562 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ecuador $4.473 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.521 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Egypt $33.85 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$31.37 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
El Salvador $2.545 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.199 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Equatorial Guinea $4.431 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.846 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Eritrea $24 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$34 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Estonia $3.857 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.27 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ethiopia $870.5 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.29 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
European Union $NA
Finland $8.346 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$8.385 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
France $102.9 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$115.7 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Gabon $1.925 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.238 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Gambia, The $140 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$142.8 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Georgia $1.48 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.361 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Germany $138 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$136.2 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ghana $2 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.831 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Greece $3.473 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.658 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Guatemala $4.471 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.139 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Guinea $93 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$86 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Guyana $355.9 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$313 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Haiti $708 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$555 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Honduras $2.469 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.546 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Hong Kong $182.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$152.7 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Hungary $33.87 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$24.05 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Iceland $2.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.436 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
India $256.4 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$273.9 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Indonesia $51.64 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$56.92 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Iran $96.56 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$82.06 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Iraq $45.06 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$30.66 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ireland $1.023 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$926.2 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Israel $42.51 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$28.52 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Italy $105.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$94.33 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Jamaica $1.77 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.879 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Japan $1.011 trillion (31 December 2008 est.)
$954.1 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Jordan $8.713 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.929 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kazakhstan $19.87 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$17.63 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kenya $2.879 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.355 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Korea, South $201.2 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$262.2 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kosovo $NA
Kuwait $17.23 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$16.78 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kyrgyzstan $1.225 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.177 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Laos $803 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$540 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Latvia $5.248 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.758 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Lebanon $28.28 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$20.55 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Lesotho $994 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$874 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Libya $92.51 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$79.6 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Lithuania $6.441 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.721 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Luxembourg $398 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$205.5 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Macedonia $2.109 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.265 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Madagascar $982.3 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$846.7 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Malawi $185 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$217.2 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Malaysia $91.21 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$101.1 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Malta $373.4 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.798 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Mauritius $1.785 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.822 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Mexico $95.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$87.19 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Moldova $1.672 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.334 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Montenegro $NA
Morocco $22.72 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$24.72 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Mozambique $1.606 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.445 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Namibia $1.293 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$896 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Netherlands $28.51 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$26.98 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
New Zealand $11.15 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$17.25 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Nicaragua $1.141 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.103 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Nigeria $60.12 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$51.33 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Norway $50.95 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$60.84 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Oman $11.58 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$9.524 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Pakistan $8.903 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$15.69 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Panama $2.443 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.935 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Papua New Guinea $1.987 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.087 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Paraguay $2.845 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.462 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Peru $31.25 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$27.78 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Philippines $37.55 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$33.75 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Poland $62.18 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$65.75 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Portugal $11.95 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$11.55 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Qatar $9.998 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$9.752 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Romania $39.47 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$39.96 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Russia $427.1 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$476.4 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Rwanda $596 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$552.8 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Samoa $70.15 million (FY03/04)
Sao Tome and Principe $43 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$39 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Saudi Arabia $30.59 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$34.01 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Senegal $1.601 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.66 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Serbia $14.22 billion (2007 est.)
$14.22 billion (2007 est.)
Seychelles $74 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$40.8 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Singapore $174.2 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$163 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Slovakia $18.78 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$18.96 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Slovenia $7.57 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.682 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
South Africa $34.07 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$32.94 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Spain $20.25 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$19.05 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Sri Lanka $2.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.644 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Sudan $1.399 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.378 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Suriname $263.3 million (2006)
Swaziland $730 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$774.2 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Sweden $29.72 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$31.04 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Switzerland $74.07 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$75.37 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Syria $6.765 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.507 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Taiwan $296.4 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$275 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Tajikistan $257 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$328 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Tanzania $2.915 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.91 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Thailand $111 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$87.46 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Togo $473 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$438 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Tonga $40.83 million (yearend, FY04/05)
Trinidad and Tobago $9.496 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.745 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Tunisia $8.853 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.854 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Turkey $73.66 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$76.51 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Turkmenistan $13.91 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$13.19 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Uganda $2.301 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.56 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ukraine $31.54 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$32.48 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
United Arab Emirates $31.69 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$77.24 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
United Kingdom $52.98 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$57.3 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
United States $77.65 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$70.57 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Uruguay $6.36 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.121 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Uzbekistan $10.15 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.413 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Vanuatu $40.54 million (2003)
Venezuela $42.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$33.48 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Vietnam $23.18 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$23.75 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Yemen $8.157 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.759 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Zambia $1.096 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.09 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Zimbabwe $96 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$117 million (31 December 2007 est.)
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