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Field Listing :: Debt - external
This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
Country Comparison to the World
Country
Debt - external
Afghanistan $8 billion (2004)
Albania $1.55 billion (2004)
Algeria $2.7 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.957 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
American Samoa $NA
Andorra $NA
Angola $7.617 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$8.357 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Anguilla $8.8 million (1998)
Antigua and Barbuda $359.8 million (June 2006)
Argentina $128.2 billion (31 December 2008)
$124 billion (31 December 2007)
Armenia $3.449 billion (31 December 2008)
$2.909 billion (31 December 2007)
Aruba $478.6 million (2005 est.)
Australia $770.3 billion (31 December 2008)
$820.4 billion (31 December 2007)
Austria $832.8 billion (31 December 2008)
$801.4 billion (31 December 2007)
Azerbaijan $2.997 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.439 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bahamas, The $342.6 million (2004 est.)
Bahrain $10.03 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.858 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Bangladesh $21.52 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$21.23 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Barbados $668 million (2003)
Belarus $15.15 billion (31 December 2008)
$12.49 billion (31 December 2007)
Belgium $1.354 trillion (31 December 2008)
$1.539 trillion (31 December 2007)
Belize $954.1 million (2008 est.)
$1.2 billion (June 2005 est.)
Benin $1.2 billion (2007)
Bermuda $160 million (FY99/00)
Bhutan $713.3 million (2006)
Bolivia $5.931 billion (31 December 2008)
$5.385 billion (31 December 2007)
Bosnia and Herzegovina $7.672 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.734 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Botswana $422 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$408 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Brazil $262.9 billion (31 December 2008)
$240.5 billion (31 December 2007)
British Virgin Islands $36.1 million (1997)
Brunei $0 (2005)
Bulgaria $51.12 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$42.62 billion (31 December 2007)
Burkina Faso $1.665 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.33 billion (2007)
Burma $7.74 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$7.022 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Burundi $1.2 billion (2003)
Cambodia $4.266 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.89 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cameroon $3.091 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.554 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Canada $762.2 billion (31 December 2008)
$806.9 billion (31 December 2007)
Cape Verde $325 million (2002)
Cayman Islands $70 million (1996)
Central African Republic $1.153 billion (2007 est.)
Chad $1.6 billion (2005 est.)
Chile $64.77 billion (31 December 2008)
$55.67 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
China $379.8 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$363 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Colombia $46.4 billion (31 December 2008)
$44.55 billion (31 December 2007)
Comoros $232 million (2000 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the $10 billion (2007 est.)
$10 billion (2006 est.)
Congo, Republic of the $5 billion (2000 est.)
Cook Islands $141 million (1996 est.)
Costa Rica $9.205 billion (31 December 2008)
$8.416 billion (31 December 2007)
Cote d'Ivoire $14.48 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$13.79 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Croatia $54.79 billion (31 December 2008)
$48.93 billion (31 December 2007)
Cuba $19.58 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$16.79 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Cyprus $33.17 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$26.97 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Czech Republic $80.43 billion (31 December 2008)
$76.04 billion (31 December 2007)
Denmark $585.1 billion (31 December 2008)
$567.4 billion (31 December 2007)
Djibouti $428 million (2006)
Dominica $213 million (2004)
Dominican Republic $10.33 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$10.21 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ecuador $18.11 billion (31 December 2008)
$NA (31 December 2007)
Egypt $32.12 billion (31 December 2008)
$32.84 billion (31 December 2007)
El Salvador $10.69 billion (31 December 2008)
$9.808 billion (31 December 2007)
Equatorial Guinea $191 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$338 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Eritrea $311 million (2000 est.)
Estonia $26.82 billion (31 December 2008)
$25.25 billion (31 December 2007)
Ethiopia $3.161 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.621 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) $NA
Faroe Islands $64 million (1999)
Fiji $127 million (2004 est.)
Finland $332.2 billion (31 December 2008)
$314.1 billion (31 December 2007)
France $5.002 trillion (31 December 2008)
$4.88 trillion (31 December 2007)
French Polynesia $NA
Gabon $2.473 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.895 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Gambia, The $628.8 million (2003 est.)
Gaza Strip $1.3 billion (2007 est.)
Georgia $7.711 billion (31 December 2008)
$5.343 billion (31 December 2007)
Germany $5.25 trillion (31 December 2008)
$5.155 trillion (31 December 2007)
Ghana $5.419 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.891 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Gibraltar $NA
Greece $504.6 billion (31 December 2008)
$454.2 billion (31 December 2007)
Greenland $25 million (1999)
Grenada $347 million (2004)
Guam $NA
Guatemala $6.498 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.908 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Guernsey $NA
Guinea $3.527 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.351 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Guinea-Bissau $941.5 million (2000 est.)
Guyana $804.3 million (30 September 2008)
$1.2 billion (2002)
Haiti $1.506 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.475 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Honduras $2.9 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.411 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Hong Kong $659.9 billion (31 December 2008)
$711.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Hungary $212.1 billion (31 December 2008)
$167.7 billion (31 December 2007)
Iceland $3.073 billion (2002)
India $229.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$206 billion (31 December 2007)
Indonesia $155.1 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$141.2 billion (31 December 2007)
Iran $21.92 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$20.68 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Iraq $67.74 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$100.9 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ireland $2.312 trillion (31 December 2008)
$2.263 trillion (31 December 2007)
Isle of Man $NA
Israel $86.08 billion (31 December 2008)
$89.58 billion (31 December 2007)
Italy $2.328 trillion (31 December 2008)
$2.5 trillion (31 December 2007)
Jamaica $10.2 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$9.657 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Japan $2.231 trillion (31 December 2008)
$1.768 trillion (31 December 2007)
Jersey $NA
Jordan $6.83 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$8.133 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kazakhstan $107.8 billion (31 December 2008)
$96.91 billion (31 December 2007)
Kenya $7.084 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.713 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kiribati $10 million (1999 est.)
Korea, North $12.5 billion (2001 est.)
Korea, South $381.1 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$383.2 billion (31 December 2007)
Kosovo $NA
Kuwait $36.93 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$33.62 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Kyrgyzstan $3.467 billion (31 December 2008)
$3.162 billion (31 December 2007)
Laos $3.179 billion (2006)
Latvia $42.05 billion (31 December 2008)
$38.95 billion (31 December 2007)
Lebanon $34.03 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$31.6 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Lesotho $619 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$689 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Liberia $3.2 billion (2005 est.)
Libya $6.068 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.837 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Liechtenstein $0 (2001)
Lithuania $32.47 billion (31 December 2008)
$30.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Luxembourg $1.933 trillion (31 December 2008)
$NA (31 December 2007)
Macau $0 (2006)
Macedonia $4.363 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.967 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Madagascar $2.117 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.6 billion (2002)
Malawi $1.039 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$894 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Malaysia $75.33 billion (31 December 2008)
$62.33 billion (31 December 2007)
Maldives $477 million (2008 est.)
$482 million (2006 est.)
Mali $2.8 billion (2002)
Malta $188.8 million (2005)
Marshall Islands $87 million (2008 est.)
$86.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
Mauritania $NA
Mauritius $2.476 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.149 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Mayotte $NA
Mexico $200.4 billion (31 December 2008)
$193.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Micronesia, Federated States of $60.8 million (FY05 est.)
Moldova $4.125 billion (31 December 2008)
$3.326 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Monaco $18 billion (2000 est.)
Mongolia $1.6 billion (2008)
$1.438 billion (2007)
Montenegro $650 million (2006)
Montserrat $8.9 million (1997)
Morocco $21.22 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$19.91 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Mozambique $4.332 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.189 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Namibia $797.7 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.003 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Nauru $33.3 million
Nepal $3.285 billion (2008)
$3.07 billion (March 2006)
Netherlands $2.47 trillion (31 December 2008)
$2.59 trillion (31 December 2007)
Netherlands Antilles $2.68 billion (2004)
New Caledonia $79 million (1998 est.)
New Zealand $59.08 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$51.44 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Nicaragua $3.276 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.341 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Niger $2.1 billion (2003 est.)
Nigeria $8.318 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$8.007 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Niue $418,000 (2002 est.)
Norfolk Island $NA
Northern Mariana Islands $NA
Norway $558.5 billion (31 December 2008)
$540.3 billion (31 December 2007)
note: Norway is a net external creditor
Oman $6.879 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.297 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Pakistan $44.15 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$38.8 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Palau $0 (FY99/00)
Panama $10.89 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$10.45 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Papua New Guinea $1.651 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.646 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Paraguay $3.507 billion (31 December 2008)
$3.096 billion (31 December 2007)
Peru $34.59 billion (31 December 2008)
$32.57 billion (31 December 2007)
Philippines $61.41 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$61.78 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Poland $243.6 billion (31 December 2008)
$233.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Portugal $484.7 billion (31 December 2008)
$483.9 billion (31 December 2007)
Puerto Rico $NA
Qatar $55.79 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$33.09 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Romania $101.6 billion (31 December 2008)
$NA (31 December 2007 est.)
Russia $483.5 billion (31 December 2008)
$471 billion (31 December 2007)
Rwanda $1.4 billion (2004 est.)
Saint Helena $NA
Saint Kitts and Nevis $314 million (2004)
Saint Lucia $257 million (2004)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon $NA
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $223 million (2004)
Samoa $177 million (2004)
San Marino $NA
Sao Tome and Principe $318 million (2002)
Saudi Arabia $75.36 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$58.6 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Senegal $1.772 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.19 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Serbia $26.24 billion (2007 est.)
Seychelles $1.111 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.059 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Sierra Leone $1.61 billion (2003 est.)
Singapore $25.52 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$25.59 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Slovakia $52.53 billion (31 December 2008)
$44.31 billion (31 December 2007)
Slovenia $54.41 billion (31 December 2008)
$50.58 billion (31 December 2007)
Solomon Islands $166 million (2004)
Somalia $3 billion (2001 est.)
South Africa $71.81 billion (31 December 2008)
$75.28 billion (31 December 2007)
Spain $2.313 trillion (31 December 2008)
$2.299 trillion (31 December 2007)
Sri Lanka $13.59 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$12.2 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Sudan $31.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$29.42 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Suriname $504.3 million (2005 est.)
Swaziland $554 million (31 December 2008 est.)
$524 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Sweden $617.6 billion (31 December 2008)
$598.2 billion (30 June 2006)
Switzerland $1.305 trillion (31 December 2008)
$1.565 trillion (31 December 2007)
Syria $7.299 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.633 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Taiwan $93.09 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$97.85 billion (31 December 2007)
Tajikistan $1.643 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.56 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Tanzania $5.353 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$4.382 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Thailand $65.09 billion (31 December 2008)
$61.74 billion (31 December 2007)
Togo $2 billion (2005)
Tonga $80.7 million (2004)
Trinidad and Tobago $3.302 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.869 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Tunisia $20.81 billion (31 December 2008)
$20.4 billion (31 December 2007)
Turkey $277.1 billion (31 December 2008)
$249.4 billion (31 December 2007)
Turkmenistan $1.4 billion (2004 est.)
note: some estimates put this figure as high as $5 billion
Turks and Caicos Islands $NA
Tuvalu $NA
Uganda $1.718 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$1.498 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Ukraine $101.7 billion (31 December 2008)
$79.96 billion (31 December 2007)
United Arab Emirates $126.9 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$61.68 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
United Kingdom $9.17 trillion (31 December 2008)
$11.26 trillion (31 December 2007)
United States $13.64 trillion (31 December 2008)
$13.43 trillion (31 December 2007)
Uruguay $10.74 billion (31 December 2008)
$11.07 billion (31 December 2007)
Uzbekistan $3.987 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$3.927 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Vanuatu $81.2 million (2004)
Venezuela $47.35 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$43.33 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Vietnam $23.09 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$21.83 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Virgin Islands $NA
Wallis and Futuna $3.67 million (2004)
West Bank $1.3 billion (2007 est.)
Western Sahara $NA
World $60.96 trillion (31 December 2008 est.)
$60.26 trillion (31 December 2007 est.)
note: this figure is the sum total of all countries' external debt, both public and private
Yemen $5.979 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$6.044 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Zambia $2.861 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$2.596 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Zimbabwe $5.316 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
$5.155 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
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The online Factbook is updated bi-weekly. ISSN 1553-8133
For additional information on government leaders in selected foreign countries, go to World Leaders.