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Spartan 1

photo of Spartan 1 in the shuttle bay
Credit: NASA

* Mission Overview

NASA's Spartan program was based on the idea of a simple, low-cost platform deployed from a space shuttle in orbit for a 2-3 day flight, then recovered and returned to Earth. The platform allows the experiments to get out of the messy shuttle environment and frees it of any shuttle pointing constraints.

Spartan-1 was deployed from the Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-51G) on 20 June 1985 and retrieved 45.5 hours later.

* Instrumentation

The X-ray detectors aboard the Spartan platform were sensitive to the energy range 1-12 keV. The instrument scanned its target with narrowly collimated (5 arcmin x 3 degrees) gas scintillation proportional counters. There were 2 identical sets of counters, each having ~ 660 cm2 effective area. Counts were accumulated for 0.812 s into 128 energy channels. The energy resolution was 16% at 6 keV.

* Science

During its 2 days of flight, Spartan-1 observed the Perseus cluster of galaxies and our galactic center region.

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Imagine the Universe is a service of the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), Dr. Alan Smale (Director), within the Astrophysics Science Division (ASD) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

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Acting Project Leader: Dr. Barbara Mattson
All material on this site has been created and updated between 1997-2012.

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