(Submitted April 01, 2008)
I've read that dark energy is the energy driving the accelerated expansion
of the universe. Its density doesn't decrease as space increases.
So, does this mean that it has existed with equal density from the
beginning of the universe? Have scientists found that the accelerationed
expansion of the universe was first decresing, and has started to increase
According to current theories dark energy has always been around and has
always exerted the same force. However, in the early universe, matter was
closer together and the effects of gravity caused the expansion of the
universe to slow down. About 5 billion years ago, the density of matter
(both normal matter and dark matter), which had been decreasing since the
Big Bang, became low enough that the dark energy was able to start
accelerating the expansion of the universe.
More information can be found at:
Hope this helps,
Mike and Georgia
for "Ask an Astrophysicist"