Imagine the Universe!
Imagine Home | Resources |

Other Resources (H-R)

A - G

S - Z

HISTORY OF GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY

  • http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/headates/heahistory.html

    This is a page that gives important events in the history of x-ray, gamma-ray, and cosmic ray astronomy.

Books

  • "The X-ray Universe", Giacconi, R. & Tucker, W.; Harvard University Press, 1985. Considered to be another 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy history and detectors (see Chapter 9) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • "Voyage Through the Universe: The New Astronomy", Time-Life Books. This volume is one of a series which examines the Universe in all its aspects. General information for the upper high school student (and above), related to the history of X-ray and Gamma-ray astronomy, will be found throughout the text.

**************************************************************

HISTORY OF X-RAY ASTRONOMY
  • http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/headates/heahistory.html

    This is a page gives important events in the history of x-ray, gamma-ray, and cosmic ray astronomy.

  • http://astrophysics.gsfc.nasa.gov/xrays/history.html

    This is a page on the history of X-ray astronomy at Goddard. Links mostly to pages on other missions (specific missions) rather than further explanations of terms. A good general resource for someone who wants to know the history of X-ray missions undertaken by the USA.

Books

  • "The X-ray Universe", Giacconi, R. & Tucker, W.; Harvard University Press, 1985. Considered to be another 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy history and detectors (see Chapter 1) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • "X-Ray Astronomy", Giacconi, R. & Gursky, H.D.; Reidel Publishing Company. Known as a 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy history and detectors (see Chapters 1 & 2) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • "Voyage Through the Universe: The New Astronomy", Time-Life Books. This volume is one of a series which examines the Universe in all its aspects. General information for the upper high school student (and above), related to the history of X-ray and Gamma-ray astronomy, will be found throughout the text.

  • "The Cosmic Inquirers : Modern Telescopes and Their Makers" by Wallace & Karen Tucker; Harvard University Press (published in the late 80s and so somewhat out of date)

  • "The X-Ray Universe (Harvard Books on Astronomy)" by Wallace Tucker & Ricardo Giacconi (published in the late 80s and so somewhat out of date)

**************************************************************

INFRARED
See MULTIWAVELENGTH ASTRONOMY.

**************************************************************

MULTIWAVELENGTH ASTRONOMY
  • http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/multiwavelength_astronomy/multiwavelength_astronomy/index.html

    A gallery of Messier Objects (a catalog of easily observed astronomical objects), showing each in various wavelengths. Includes explanations of the features we can see using each wavelength. Very colorful! Interesting for any age.

  • http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/lfs/lfshp.html

    Live from the Stratosphere! Resources at the Kuiper Airborne Observatory.

  • http://www.stsci.edu/pubinfo/edugroup/educational-activities.html

    This Web site features educational activities at the Hubble Space Telescope Science Institute.

  • http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/IU/ISTAT/astross/space_nasa.html

    This is the Center for EUVE Astronomy Science Education Resources.

  • http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/

    Have you ever wondered what your cat might look like in infrared light? See for yourself, with the pictures provided on this website. Many other kinds of animals are included as well. Interesting for all ages.

************************************************************* *

NEUTRON STARS
  • http://www.astro.umd.edu/~miller/nstar.html#basics (http://www.astro.umd.edu/~miller/nstar.html%23basics)

    A very thorough explanation of neutron stars including information on how they form, what they're made of, and how they affect nearby space. Interesting illustrations included. For advanced high school students and undergraduates.

  • http://apod.gsfc.nasa.gov/htmltest/rjn_bht.html

    Virtual trips to neutron stars (and black holes). Video simulations are nice for all ages, but the topics are appropriate for mainly undergraduates.

Books

  • Gaustad, John & Zeilik, Michael, Astronomy: The Cosmic Perspective- second edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990. This text was designed for an introductory astronomy course for upper high school or undergraduate students who want a comprehensive view and understanding of modern astronomy, including neutron stars (see Chapters 20 & 21).

  • Giacconi, R. & Gursky, H., X-Ray Astronomy, D. Reidel Publishing Company. Known as a 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of neutron stars (see chapter 4) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Giacconi, R. & Tucker, W., The X-ray Universe, Harvard University Press, 1985. Considered to be another 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of neutron stars (see Chapter 7) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Kaufmann, William J. III, Universe, Freeman and Company, 1994. This book comes highly recommended from both students and scientists. It explains many concepts in astronomy from cosmology to high-energy astrophysics, including information on neutron stars (see Chapter 23). Intended for the upper high school student with a strong science background and interest, or the undergraduate science major taking a basic astronomy course.

  • Levy, David H., A Nature Company Guide: Skywatching, Time-Life Books, 1995. This book provides a general overview and discussion of astronomical objects, including neutron stars. For students in middle school or above.

  • Seward, Frederick D. and Charles, Philip A., Exploring the X-ray Universe, Cambridge University Press, 1995. Explains X-ray astronomy and astrophysics along with its most recent developments. Intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Voyage Through the Universe: Stars, Time-Life Books. This volume is one of a series which examines the Universe in all its aspects. General information for the upper high school student (and above), related to neutron stars, will be found in the 'Neutron Stars and Black Holes' chapter.

Magazine Articles

  • Wong, Kate. "Neutron Stars Contain Diamond Cores." Scientific American. April 2001.

**************************************************************

PULSARS
  • http://www.jb.man.ac.uk/~pulsar/Education/Sounds/sounds.html

    Play these sound files to hear what a pulsar "sounds" like. You'll be surprised at how fast they spin! Middle school and up.

  • http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/pulsars/pulsars.html

    More on the Crab Nebula pulsar, the most famous pulsar we know. Includes a video of the energy waves produced by the spinning pulsar. High school and above.

  • http://www.bigear.org/vol1no1/burnell.htm

    Jocelyn Bell gives a first-hand account of the discovery of pulsars. A very entertaining read! High school and above.

  • http://www.aip.org/history/mod/pulsar/pulsar1/01.html

    This is the story of the discovery of the first optical pulsar told by the scientists themselves. You can read the text or hear their voices. This site gives a glimpse into very real process of science and into the moment of discovery. A Teacher's Guide is included.

  • http://www.rog.nmm.ac.uk/leaflets/pulsars/pulsars.html

    This has a good general description and examples of pulsars in our Universe. It was produced by the Information Services Department of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, and is for students in middle school and above.

Books

  • Gaustad, John & Zeilik, Michael, Astronomy: The Cosmic Perspective- second edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990. This text was designed for an introductory astronomy course for upper high school or undergraduate students who want a comprehensive view and understanding of modern astronomy, including pulsars (see Chapters 20 & 21).

  • Giacconi, R. & Gursky, H., X-Ray Astronomy, D. Reidel Publishing Company. Known as a 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of pulsars (see Chapter 7) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Giacconi, R. & Tucker, W., The X-ray Universe, Harvard University Press, 1985. Considered to be another 'classic' X-ray astronomy text book. Includes discussion of pulsars (see Chapter 7) at a level intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Kaufmann, William J. III, Universe, Freeman and Company, 1994. This book comes highly recommended from both students and scientists. It explains many concepts in astronomy from cosmology to high-energy astrophysics, including information on pulsars (see Chapter 23). Intended for the upper high school student with a strong science background and interest, or the undergraduate science major taking a basic astronomy course.

  • Levy, David H., A Nature Company Guide: Skywatching, Time-Life Books, 1995. This book provides a general overview and discussion of astronomical objects, including pulsars. For students in middle school or above.

  • Lyne, Andrew G., "Pulsar Astronomy", Cambridge University Press. May 1998. Intended for undergraduate students and above. Some equations included.
  • Seward, Frederick D. and Charles, Philip A., Exploring the X-ray Universe, Cambridge University Press, 1995. Explains X-ray astronomy and astrophysics along with its most recent developments. Intended for the undergraduate science major, or above.

  • Voyage Through the Universe: The New Astronomy, Time-Life Books. This volume is one of a series which examines the Universe in all its aspects. General information for the upper high school student (and above), related to pulsars, will be found in the 'An Expanding Spectrum' chapter.

Magazine Articles

  • McNamara, Geoff, "Pulsars in E-Flat", Astronomy Now, May 1995, vol. 9, no. 5. Discusses the discovery of millisecond pulsars. Intended for the high school student interested in science, or above.

    ************************************************************* *

    QUASARS
    • http://www.astr.ua.edu/keel/agn/quasar40.html

      A look at the first 40 years of the study of quasars. High school and up.

    • http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/1996/35/

      The Hubble Telescope website gives an introduction to quasars with videos that illustrate what a quasar might look like up-close. High school and up.

    • http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/universe_level1/quasars.html

      This page contains information on quasars for the K-4 student, with a question at the end and links to a glossary of defined terms.

    • http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/universe_level2/quasars.html

      This page contains information on quasars written for the 5-8 grade student, with a question at the end and words linked to a glossary of terms.

    Magazine Articles

    • "Research Review", by Halton C. Arp. Mercury Magazine. Volume 24 #2 March/April 1995. How could quasars get any more mysterious than they already were? Recent observations would make it seem so. Written for non-experts. Accessible for high school students and above.
    • Mone, Greg, "Chandra Exposes Distant Quasar's X-Ray Jet," Scientific American. Feb 2002. High school and up.

    **************************************************************

    RADIO
    See MULTIWAVELENGTH ASTRONOMY.

    **************************************************************

  • Imagine the Universe is a service of the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), Dr. Alan Smale (Director), within the Astrophysics Science Division (ASD) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

    The Imagine Team
    Acting Project Leader: Dr. Barbara Mattson
    All material on this site has been created and updated between 1997-2012.

    DVD Table of Contents
    Educator's Index